Calculator emulators

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A calculator is typically a portable electronic device used to perform calculations, ranging from basic arithmetic to complex mathematics.

The first solid-state electronic calculator was created in the early 1960s. Pocket-sized devices became available in the 1970s when microprocessors were first developed.

Computer operating systems as far back as early Unix have included interactive calculator programs such as dc and hoc, and calculator functions are included in almost all personal digital assistant (PDA) type devices, the exceptions being a few dedicated address book and dictionary devices.

In addition to general purpose calculators, there are those designed for specific markets. For example, there are scientific calculators which include trigonometric and statistical calculations. Some calculators even have the ability to do computer algebra. Graphing calculators can be used to graph functions defined on the real line, or higher-dimensional Euclidean space. Basic and scientific calculators are cheaper than graphing models.

Even gaming is possible on some TI models, the TI-83 is an example and it can run Pong, Tetris and Doom. The newer model TI-Nspire is the most powerful and it can run 3D graphics and emulators.

Texas Instruments[edit]

TI-83 / TI-84 series[edit]

Generations of TI-83/84 hardware[edit]

There are actually 3 generations of TI-83/84 hardware, despite all of them being categorized under the same TI-83/84 model number. Notice that assembly programs written for one generation won't be able to run on a TI-83/84 with another generation of hardware.

  • Monochrome Z80: Featuring Zilog Z80 microprocessor, monochrome LCD, and AAA batteries. Including TI-83/84 Plus (Sliver Edition) and all their variations such as TI-83 Plus.fr, TI-84 Plus Pocket etc.
  • Color Z80: Featuring Zilog Z80 microprocessor but with color LCD and rechargeable lithium-ion batteries. There is only one model in this generation: TI-84 Plus C Silver Edition.
  • eZ80: Featuring Zilog eZ80 microprocessor with color LCD and rechargeable lithium-ion batteries. Including TI-83 Premium CE (Python Edition) and TI-84 CE (Python Edition).
Name Platform(s) Version Monochrome Z80 Color Z80 eZ80 FLOSS Active Recommended
Wabbitemu[M 1] Windows macOS Android git
TilEm[M 1] Windows Linux macOS 2.0
CEmu Windows Linux macOS git
jsTIfied Web ?
TI-SmartView Windows macOS 1.1.0
4.0.0.x
?
TI-SmartView CE Windows macOS 5.6
TI-84 Mode TI-Nspire [M 2]
MAME Windows macOS Linux FreeBSD RiscOS AmigaOS 0.243 ~[M 3] ~[M 3] ~
  1. 1.0 1.1 Also supports emulation for other Zilog Z80 based calculators including TI-73/81/82/85/86.
  2. Only available on non-CAS monochrome TI-Nspire models with TI-84 keypad attached.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Listed but doesn't work yet.

TI-89 series[edit]

TI-89 is a series of graphic calculators equipped with Motorola MC68000 microprocessors and computer algebra system called Advanced Math Software (AMS).

TI-89 could be considered as a miniaturized version of TI-92/Voyage200, as they share literally the exact same hardware and software architecture (that is also why some TI-89 emulators could also emulate TI-92/Voyage200), while TI-92/Voyage200 is huge in size thanks to their horizontal screen and QWERTY keyboard.

Name Platform(s) Version FLOSS Active Recommended
TiEmu[N 1] Windows Linux macOS 3.03
macOS
TI-89 Online Simulator Web ?
Graph 89[N 1] Android 1.1.3c ?
MAME Windows macOS Linux FreeBSD RiscOS AmigaOS[N 1] 0.243 ~
Virtual TI-89 Windows 9x 2.5 beta 5 ?
  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Also supports emulation for other Motorola 68000 based calculators including TI-92(II/+) and Voyage 200.

TI-Nspire series[edit]

TI-Nspire is the flagship series of Texas Instruments graphics calculators, equipped with QVGA monochrome/color LCDs, ARM-based processors, a mini laptop-style trackpad for controlling the mouse cursor, and a computer algebra system (depending on model) inherited and enhanced from TI-89's AMS.

Name Platform(s) Version FLOSS Active Recommended
Firebird Windows macOS Linux Android iOS git
TI-Nspire™ (CX) (CAS) Student Software Windows macOS 5.3.2
kArmTI Windows 1.81 ~
nspire_emu Windows 0.70

Hewlett-Packard[edit]

monochrome graphic models[edit]

HP monochrome graphic calculators are a big family of products sharing similarities while each product has its unique features.

Older models run on in-house developed 4-bit "Saturn" processors. Newer models have an unusual practice that emulates the Saturn processor via an ARM processor, so technically speaking those calculator models are actually emulation boxes.

Name Platform(s) Version Emulates FLOSS Active Recommended
Emu48 Windows macOS Android Windows CE Windows Mobile MS-DOS[Q 1] 1.64 [Q 2] 38G, 39G, 40G, 48S, 48SX, 48G, 48G+, 48GX, 49G, 39g+, 39gs, 40gs, 48gII, 49g+, 50g
Emu28 Windows Android 1.35 18C, 28C
Droid48 Android 1.72 48G, 48S
MAME Windows macOS Linux FreeBSD RiscOS AmigaOS 0.243 38G, 39G(✗), 48G, 48GX, 48G+, 48S, 48SX, 49G(✗), 49G+(✗)[Q 3] ~
Power48 PalmOS 1.0.0/1.5.1 48SX, 48GX, 49G ~
PSPX48 PSP 1.0.5 48G ~
m48 [Q 4] iOS 2020/06/06 38G, 39G, 40G, 48SX, 48GX, 49G
Alucin AmigaOS 1.1 48G, 48S
NeXTStep EM48 NeXTSTEP 1999/12/14 48SX
saturn Linux Solaris IRIX 4.1.1.1 40G, 48GX, 49G
  1. Mac OS X version is only available for PowerPC based Macs and there is no plan to port it to x86/ARM platform.
  2. Platforms besides Windows and Android are no longer maintained so their versions could be left way behind.
  3. Models with a ✗ means it's listed, but doesn't work.
  4. Has to be manually compiled and deployed.

HP Prime[edit]

HP Prime is HP's new flagship product of graphic calculators, featuring a multipoint color touchscreen, 400 MHz ARM processor, and a much-improved computer algebra system.

Name Platform(s) Version FLOSS Free To Use Active Recommended
HP Prime Virtual Calculator Emulator Windows 2.1.1.14596[P 1]
HP Prime Graphing Calculator App Windows iOS Android 2.1.14584 ~[P 2]
  1. Offical download portal is not available for individuals, only for signed up educators.
  2. Free version with limited functionalities available seperately.

scientific and financial models[edit]

Just like monochrome graphic calculators, HP scientific and financial calculators are also a big family of products sharing similarities while each product has its unique features (besides the HP SmartCalc series which are basically just ripoffs of Casio Natural-V.P.A.M. series calculators). Older models run on in-house developed 4-bit "Nut" processors. Some newer models have an unusual practice (especially for scientific calculators) that emulates the Nut processor via an ARM processor so technically speaking those calculator models are actually emulation boxes, while some other models use ASICs as their kernel.

Name Platform(s) Version Emulates FLOSS Active Recommended
Emu42 Windows Android Windows Mobile 1.27 [R 1] 10B, 14B, 17B, 17BII, 20S, 21S, 22S, 27S, 32S, 32SII, 42S, 19BII, 28S
Free42 Windows macOS Linux Android iOS Windows MobilePalmOS 3.0.7 [R 2] 42S
HP SmartCalc 300s Emulator Windows 2012.11.29 Build 19029[R 3] SmartCalc 300s
WP-34s emulator Windows Linux macOS 3.3 WP-34s ?
awp34s Android 0.0.6 WP-34s
WP34S-4NS TI-Nspire WP-34s ~ [R 4]
HP 12C Emulator (Offical) Windows 2012/11/29 12C
HP 12C Financial Calculator iOS Android ? 12C Platinum Edition [R 5] ~
HP 12C Emulator Windows 9x 1.0 12C
  1. Platforms besides Windows and Android are no longer maintained so their versions could be left way behind.
  2. Windows Mobile and PalmOS versions are no longer maintained so their versions could be left way behind.
  3. Offical download portal is not available for individuals, only for signed up educators.
  4. Despite the emulator itself being full-functional and bugs free, it's more for proof of concept and nostalgia as TI-Nspire, the host machine it runs on, is also a powerful calculator.
  5. Not Free to use.

Casio[edit]

Most of the Casio graphic calculators run on 32-bit Hitachi SuperH-3/4 processors, while scientific, programmable, and financial models run on ASICs.

Unfortunately, there aren't community-driven, open-sourced emulators for Casio calculators yet. You can still get official emulators at the following site:

Sharp[edit]

Sharp's scientific and graphic calculators aren't as successful as TI or Casio when it comes to the education market, but many of them still present unique or interesting features.

Unfortunately, there aren't community-driven, open-sourced emulators for Sharp calculators yet. You can still get some of the official emulators at the following site:

Sharp calculator emulators

Elektronika[edit]

Elektronika calculators were made by the Soviet Union, including arithmetic (basic), scientific, and programming models. These calculators are rarely being used or even heard of outside the Soviet Union/Russia, but just like all Soviet Union products, they never lack fans.

Name Platform(s) Version Emulates FLOSS Active Recommended
Calculators 3000 Windows 6.2 5 models emulated: B3-34, MK-56, MK-54, MK-61, MC-1104, with other 21 models simulated
MK 61/54 Android 2.3 B3-34, MK-54, MK-56, MK-61, MK-52
MK-90 Emulator Windows 17 MK-90
MK-85 Emulator Windows 49 MK-85
MK-87 Emulator Windows 06 MK-87
eMKatic Windows Linux FreeBSD 0.41 MK-152, MK-152M, MK-1152, MK-161 ?

Miscellaneous Calculators (1960 - 1989)[edit]

These Calculators have a higher chance of being emulated through MAME than getting their own emulator

Name MAME support ROMs Description
Adler 1210 None
Advance L24 None
Anita 1011 None
Anita MK 8 None
Anita MK VII None
Bohn Omnitrex 8 None
Burroughs C3300 None
Burroughs C5205 None
Busicom 141-PF Preliminary
Busicom LE-120A None
Canon Canola 1200 None
Canon Canola 130S None
Canon Palmtronic LE-80M None
Casio 121K None
Casio AL-1000 None
Casio AS-C None
Casio C-80 None
Casio CFX-400 None
Casio FX-7000G None
Casio J-100 None
Casio Metcon None
Casio TC-600 None
Check Tronic None
Commodore 500E None
Commodore C108 None
Compuchron Calculator Watch None
Concept 2000 Mr. Mus-i-cal None
Corvus CheckMaster None
DD Brock 880/1 None
Descal ASI-5 None
Elektronika B3-21 None
Elektronika B3-34 None
Elektronika B3-36 None
Elektronika MK-18M None
Elektronika MK-52 None
Elektronika MK-61 None
Elka 22 None
Facit 1123 None
Friden EC-130 None
Friden EC-132 None
HP-28 None
HP-41CX None
HP-9100A None
HP-9100B None
Hitachi KK 521 None
Hitachi KK 562A None
IME 26 None
IME 84 None
IME 84RC None
IME 86 None
Iskra 123 None
Kessel 7-Melody Calculator None
Kosmos 1 None
Kosmos Astro None
Mathatronics Mathatron None
Monroe Epic 3000 None
NCR 18-16 None
Olivetti Programma 101 None
Olympia CD200 None
Olympia CD602 None
Omron 60 None
Pulsar Calculator 3822-2 None
Remington-Rand EDC-III None
Ricoh Ricomac 1200 None
Ricoh/Oi Electric Aleph-Zero None
Rockwell 10R Good
Rockwell 12R Good
Rockwell 24K Good
Rockwell 30R Good
Rockwell 920 None
Royal IC-130 None
SCM Cogito 240-SR None
SCM Marchant I None
Sanyo ICC-1122 None
Sanyo ICC-805 None
Sanyo ICC-82D None
Sanyo Scientific None
Sharp Compet 20 None
Sharp Compet CS-10A None
Sharp EL-8 None
Sharp EL-803 None
Sharp QT-8D None
Sinclair Cambridge None
Sinclair Enterprise None
Sinclair Executive None
Sinclair Oxford None
Sinclair President None
Sinclair Scientific None
Sinclair Sovereign None
Singer Friden EC1114 None
Sony ICC-400W None
Sony ICC-500W None
Sporting Life Super Settler None
Sporting Life Super Settler MK II None
Summit 3114 None
Takara Kaltor None
Teal TL-2M None
Tektronix Model 31 None
Toshiba BC-1411 Toscal None
Toshiba BC-1623G None
Uchida Yoko USAC 10B None
Victor 1400 series None
Victor 3900 None
Wang 360E None
Wang 362E None
Wang 720C None
Wang LOCI-2 None
Wyle Laboratories WS-01 None

See also[edit]

External links[edit]