Apple II line
|Apple ][ with the Disk 2.|
Other models: Apple ][+, Apple //e, Apple IIc, Apple //e Enhanced, Apple //e Platinum, Apple IIc Plus.
|Developer||Apple Computer, Inc.|
|Release date||June 1977|
|Successor||Apple ///, Apple IIGS|
The Apple ][ was a family of computers produced by Apple Computer Inc. starting in June of 1977. The Apple ][ and related models put Apple on the map and is now considered one of their most successful product lines. The final model was discontinued in November of 1993. Steve Wozniak wanted to make a computer that was, "...small, reliable, convenient to use and inexpensive."
|Name||Platform(s)||Latest Version||][||][+||//e||IIc||//e Enhanced||//e Platinum||IIc Plus||IIGS||FLOSS||Active||Recommended|
|PC / x86|
|Virtual Apple II||4.5||✓||✗||✗||✗||✗||✗||✗||✗||✗||✗||✗|
|Apple II Portable||0.1-0173||✓||✗||✗||✗||✗||✗||✗||✗||✗||✗||✗|
The Apple ][ was released in June of '77 and retailed for $1298 and had a 6502 CPU at 1.023 MHz, 4KB of RAM, a cassette tape for storage, a 1-bit speaker, 7 expansion slots, it's keyboard was only uppercase, a low-res 40x48 16-color graphics mode, and a hi-res 280x192 6-color graphics mode.
The Apple ][+ was released in June of '79 and retailed for $1195 and had the same 6502 CPU, 16KB of RAM, the same graphics modes, speaker, expansion slots, and keyboard as the original.
The Apple //e was released in January of '83 and had the same CPU and expansion slots as the Apple ][, 64KB of RAM, had a full ASCII keyboard, it introduced the double-low-resolution graphics mode which had a resolution of 80x48 in 16-color, and a double-high-resolution of 560×192 in 16 colors.
The Apple IIc was released on April 24, 1984 and retailed for $1295 and had a 65C02 CPU at 1.023 MHz, 128KB of RAM, same graphics modes, speaker, as the Apple //e, it had built-in storage, and a built in 140KB single sided 5.25-inch floppy drive. It did not have any expansion slots.
The Apple IIGS was released on September 15, 1986. Unlike other products in the line that features an 8-bit CPU, Apple IIGS is equipped with a 16-bit 65C816 CPU running at 2.8 MHz.
The Apple //e Enhanced was released in March of '85 and was a Apple //e but with a 65C02 CPU at 1.023 MHz.
The Apple //e Platinum was just an Apple //e Enhanced but with a full numeric keypad and 128KB of RAM.
The Apple IIc Plus was released in April of '88 and retailed for $675 and had a 65C02 CPU at 1MHz or 4MHz (it was user selectable for older programs), 8KB SRAM cache, same RAM, graphics modes, speaker as the Apple //e Platinum, and a built in 800KB double sided 3.5-inch floppy drive.
Clones and Quirks
There are many Apple II clone computers, such as Laser 128, CEC, Bell & Howell, etc.
Some Apple II clones feature special quirks, for example, Chinese characters display in CEC. These features are seldom being supported by most of the Apple II emulators.
MAME supports some of the Apple II clones, but they are listed as independent machines and each requires its own unique ROM set.