Apple II line

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Apple II
AppleIIwithdd.png
Apple II with the Disk 2.
Other models: Apple II+, Apple IIe, Apple IIc, Apple IIe Enhanced, Apple IIe Platinum, Apple IIc Plus.
Developer Apple Computer, Inc.
Type Computers
Release date June 1977
Discontinued November 1993
Introductory price $1298
Predecessor Apple I
Successor Apple III, Apple IIGS
Emulated

The Apple II was a family of computers produced by Apple Computer Inc. starting in June of 1977. The Apple II and related models put Apple on the map and is now considered one of their most successful product lines. The final model was discontinued in November of 1993. Steve Wozniak wanted to make a computer that was, "...small, reliable, convenient to use and inexpensive."

Emulators[edit]

Name Platform(s) Latest Version II II+ IIe IIc IIe Enhanced IIe Platinum IIGS IIc Plus FLOSS Active Recommended
PC / x86
MAME Windows Linux macOS FreeBSD 0.265
AppleWin Windows 1.30.18.0
libretro core
LinApple Linux git
LinApple-pie Linux git
MicroM8 Windows Linux macOS Continuous
CLK Linux macOS FreeBSD 2024-05-05
BizHawk
(Virtu based)
Windows 2.9.1
Mednafen Windows Linux macOS FreeBSD 1.32.1 ✗ (WIP)
DarcNES Windows Linux macOS FreeBSD 9b0401/9b0313
AppleIIjs Web git
Virtual Apple II Web 4.5
Virtual II macOS 10.3.1 ?
Consoles
WiiApple Wii 0.07 ? ?
Apple II Portable PSP 0.1-0173
A2DS Nintendo DS 2008
PomDS Nintendo DS 2.0

Models[edit]

Apple II[edit]

The Apple II was released in June of '77 and retailed for $1298 and had a 6502 CPU at 1.023 MHz, 4KB of RAM, a cassette tape for storage, a 1-bit speaker, 7 expansion slots, it's keyboard was only uppercase, a low-res 40x48 16-color graphics mode, and a hi-res 280x192 6-color graphics mode.

Apple II+[edit]

The Apple II+ was released in June of '79 and retailed for $1195 and had the same 6502 CPU, 16KB of RAM, the same graphics modes, speaker, expansion slots, and keyboard as the original.

Apple IIe[edit]

The Apple IIe was released in January of '83 and had the same CPU and expansion slots as the Apple II, 64KB of RAM, had a full ASCII keyboard, it introduced the double-low-resolution graphics mode which had a resolution of 80x48 in 16-color, and a double-high-resolution of 560×192 in 16 colors.

Apple IIc[edit]

The Apple IIc was released on April 24, 1984 and retailed for $1295 and had a 65C02 CPU at 1.023 MHz, 128KB of RAM, same graphics modes, speaker, as the Apple IIe, it had built-in storage, and a built in 140KB single sided 5.25-inch floppy drive. It did not have any expansion slots.

Apple IIe Enhanced[edit]

The Apple IIe Enhanced was released in March of '85 and was a Apple IIe but with a 65C02 CPU at 1.023 MHz.

Apple IIe Platinum[edit]

The Apple IIe Platinum was just an Apple IIe Enhanced but with a full numeric keypad and 128KB of RAM.

Apple IIGS[edit]

The Apple IIGS was released on September 15, 1986. Unlike other products in the line that features an 8-bit CPU, Apple IIGS is equipped with a 16-bit 65C816 CPU running at 2.8 MHz.

Apple IIc Plus[edit]

The Apple IIc Plus was released in April of '88 and retailed for $675 and had a 65C02 CPU at 1MHz or 4MHz (it was user selectable for older programs), 8KB SRAM cache, same RAM, graphics modes, speaker as the Apple IIe Platinum, and a built in 800KB double sided 3.5-inch floppy drive.

Clones and Quirks[edit]

There are many Apple II clone computers, such as Laser 128, CEC, Bell & Howell, etc.

Some Apple II clones feature special quirks, for example, Chinese characters display in CEC. These features are seldom being supported by most of the Apple II emulators.

MAME supports some of the Apple II clones, but they are listed as independent machines and each requires its own unique ROM set.

Apple Inc.
Apple Computer (1998).jpg
Desktop: Apple IApple II Line (Apple IIGS) • Apple III lineLisaMacintosh lineMacOS
Mobile: iPodiOS
Consoles: Pippin