Difference between revisions of "Wine"

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{{Infobox
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{{Infobox emulator
|image = Wine.png
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|title = Wine
|first = 1.6
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|logo = Wine.png
|second = Yes
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|version = {{WineVer}} (Dev: 4.14)
|third = Unix
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|active = Yes
|fourth = Alexandre Julliard, others
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|platform = Unix and POSIX-compliant
|fifth = https://winehq.org/
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|target = Windows
|sixth = http://wiki.winehq.org/SourceCode}}'''Wine''' (known recursively as '''Wine Is Not an Emulator''') is an open-source compatibility layer for Unix-like systems (e.g. Linux, Mac OS X) to run programs originally created for Microsoft Windows. Originally created by Alexandre Julliard, it is now sponsored by corporate entity CodeWeavers, who use it as a base to create an enhanced, proprietary version, known as [http://www.codeweavers.com/products/ CrossOver]. Wine is especially useful for older Windows games, as compatibility with these is typically higher than if the same game were run on modern Windows versions.
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|developer = Alexandre Julliard and [https://source.winehq.org/source/AUTHORS the Wine team]
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|website = [https://winehq.org/ WineHQ.org]
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|support = [https://www.winehq.org/donate Paypal]
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|license = GNU LGPL v2.1+
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|source = [https://wiki.winehq.org/SourceCode WineHQ.org]
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}}
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'''Wine''' (an acronym for '''<u>W</u>ine <u>I</u>s <u>N</u>ot an <u>E</u>mulator''') is an open-source [[compatibility layers|compatibility layer]] for POSIX-compliant systems such as Unix-like operating systems (Linux, BSDs, macOS, etc.) to run programs originally created for Windows. First developed by Alexandre Julliard, it's now sponsored by the corporate entity CodeWeavers, who use it as a base to create an enhanced, proprietary version known as [https://www.codeweavers.com/products/ CrossOver]. Wine is especially useful for older Windows games, as compatibility with these is typically higher than if the same game were run on modern Windows versions.
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Compatibility may not be perfect, however, and there can be various glitches introduced.
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==Download==
 
==Download==
[https://winehq.org/download/ Binaries] (via repositories) for Linux distributions
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* [https://wiki.winehq.org/Download '''Official release'''] (Linux and macOS)
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* [https://www.playonlinux.com/en PlayOnLinux]
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* [https://winebottler.kronenberg.org/ WineBottler] or [https://www.playonmac.com/en/ PlayOnMac] for macOS
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* [https://fdossena.com/?p=wined3d/index.frag WineD3D for Windows]
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==Issues==
 
==Issues==
With some programs, official Windows DLL files are required. Most of these are available to download via the (usually) included script, [https://code.google.com/p/winetricks/ winetricks]. Compatibility lists for most programs can be found on the [https://appdb.winehq.org/ AppDB].
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Some programs require official Windows DLLs. Most of these are available to download via the (usually) included script, [https://code.google.com/p/winetricks/ winetricks]. Compatibility lists for most programs can be found on the [https://appdb.winehq.org/ AppDB].
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Games which use DirectX/Direct3D APIs later than 9 are mixed in terms of support, as many DirectX 10/11 programs run, but many still simply don't run at all.
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Some software and games make use of kernel-mode drivers within Windows that are simply impossible to support due to restrictions on how Wine works, mostly having to do with security. These are especially abused by anti-cheat solutions such as GameGuard and certain others that will prevent you from playing games that use them, (e.g. Nexon) so your only option there is to run it in a virtual machine or dual boot (and even then, there is no guarantee that will get by their detection).
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==See also==
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* [[Proton]]
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* [[WineVDM]]
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* [[Wineskin]]
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[[Category:Emulators]]
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[[Category:Compatibility layers]]
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[[Category:Linux emulation software]]
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[[Category:macOS emulation software]]
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[[Category:Android emulation software]]

Latest revision as of 11:22, 29 August 2019

Wine
Wine.png
Developer(s) Alexandre Julliard and the Wine team
Latest version 4.0.2 (Dev: 4.14)
Active Yes
Platform(s) Unix and POSIX-compliant
Emulates Windows
Website WineHQ.org
Support ($) Paypal
License GNU LGPL v2.1+
Source code WineHQ.org

Wine (an acronym for Wine Is Not an Emulator) is an open-source compatibility layer for POSIX-compliant systems such as Unix-like operating systems (Linux, BSDs, macOS, etc.) to run programs originally created for Windows. First developed by Alexandre Julliard, it's now sponsored by the corporate entity CodeWeavers, who use it as a base to create an enhanced, proprietary version known as CrossOver. Wine is especially useful for older Windows games, as compatibility with these is typically higher than if the same game were run on modern Windows versions.

Compatibility may not be perfect, however, and there can be various glitches introduced.

Download[edit]

Issues[edit]

Some programs require official Windows DLLs. Most of these are available to download via the (usually) included script, winetricks. Compatibility lists for most programs can be found on the AppDB.

Games which use DirectX/Direct3D APIs later than 9 are mixed in terms of support, as many DirectX 10/11 programs run, but many still simply don't run at all.

Some software and games make use of kernel-mode drivers within Windows that are simply impossible to support due to restrictions on how Wine works, mostly having to do with security. These are especially abused by anti-cheat solutions such as GameGuard and certain others that will prevent you from playing games that use them, (e.g. Nexon) so your only option there is to run it in a virtual machine or dual boot (and even then, there is no guarantee that will get by their detection).

See also[edit]