86Box

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86Box
86box.png
86box-Screenshot.png
Developer(s) OBattler
Latest version 3.1
Active Yes
Platform(s) Windows
Linux
Emulates Intel CPUs
Website 86box.net
Support ($) Patreon
PayPal
License GNU GPLv2
Source code GitHub

86Box is an open-source, low-level PC emulator. It focuses on PC hardware from the 80s and 90s. A variety of operating systems can be installed in the emulator, which can then be used to launch programs. It is a fork of PCem and is preceded by PCem-X, which has been deprecated since December 2017.

Downloads

Windows Stable builds
Need these ROMs to run
Windows Linux Nightly builds (old recompiler)
Need these ROMs to run
Windows Linux Nightly builds (new recompiler)
Need these ROMs to run

Windows Winbox for 86Box
Windows 86Box Manager

Overview

To run any program, an operating system needs to be installed in 86Box first. It has a dynamic recompiler that gives accurate Pentium/II support. It can also emulate numerous 2D and 3D cards.

Image support

Floppy disk

  • .BIN / .DSK / .FLP / .HDM / .IMA / .IMG / .HDM / .VFD / .XDF (Raw images)
  • .86F (86F image)
  • .CQ / .CQM (CopyQM images)
  • .DDI (DiskDupe image)
  • .FDI (Japanese FDI image)
  • .FDF (EZ-DisKlone Plus image)
  • .IMD (ImageDisk image)
  • .JSON (PCjs JSON image)
  • .MFM (HxC MFM image)
  • .TD0 (Teledisk image)

Hard disk

  • .HDD / .IMA / .IMG (Raw images)
  • .HDI (Image used by emulators for NEC PC-98)
  • .HDX (A derivative of .HDI with a more compact header as well as support for images larger than 4GB)
  • .VHD (Virtual hard disk image; Support fixed-size, dynamic-size and differencing disks)

CD-ROM

  • .ISO (Optical disc image)
  • .CUE + .BIN (Plain disc image with a cut sheet)

Others

  • .ZDI / .IMG (Iomega ZIP drive images; Support both Zip 100 and Zip 250)
  • .MDI / .IMG (Magneto-optical drive images)
  • .A / .B / .BIN / .JRC (IBM PCjr cartridge images)
  • .PCM / .RAW / .WAV / .CAS (Cassette tape images)

OS support

An incomplete list of operating systems that can be installed on it:

  • DOS
  • Microsoft Windows (up to Windows 7)
  • OS/2
  • Any Linux distros (which support Premium processors)
  • BeOS
  • Minix-PC 1.x, 2.x
  • BSD (FreeBSD 6.x and OpenBSD i386 are recommended, NetBSD/i386 has boot issue)
  • NEXTSTEP 3.1 to 3.3, OPENSTEP 4.0 to 4.2 (including Apple Rhapsody developer releases)

Hardware support

Graphics

ISA bus
  • ATI 18800
  • ATI 18800-1
  • ATI 18800-5
  • ATI 28800 (VGA Wonder XL24)
  • ATI 28800-5 (ATI VGA Charger)
  • ATI 28800-5 (ATI VGA Wonder XL)
  • ATI EGA Wonder 800+
  • ATI Korean VGA
  • CGA
  • Chips & Technologies SuperEGA
  • Cirrus Logic GD 5401 (ACUMOS AVGA1)
  • Cirrus Logic CL-GD 5402 (ACUMOS AVGA2)
  • Cirrus Logic CL-GD 5420
  • Cirrus Logic CL-GD 5422
  • Cirrus Logic CL-GD 5426 (Diamond SpeedStar Pro Rev. A1)
  • Cirrus Logic CL-GD 5434 (Diamond SpeedStar 64 Rev. A3)
  • Compaq CGA
  • Compaq CGA 2
  • Compaq EGA
  • EGA
  • G2 GC205
  • Hercules
  • Hercules Plus
  • Hercules InColor
  • Image Manager 1024
  • Kasan Hangulmadang-16 VGA (Tseng Labs ET4000AX Korean)
  • Metheus Premier 928 (S3 86c928)
  • MDA
  • MDSI Genius VHR
  • NCR NGA
  • OAK OTI-037C
  • OAK OTI-067
  • OAK OTI-077
  • Olivetti OGC (GO708)
  • Paradise PVGA1A
  • Paradise WD90C11-LR
  • Paradise WD90C30-LR
  • Realtek RTG3106
  • Plantronics Colorplus
  • Professional Graphics Controlle
  • S3 86c801 (Phoenix)
  • S3 86c801 (SPEA V7 Mirage)
  • S3 86c911 (Orchid Fahrenheit 1280)
  • S3 86c911 (Diamond Stealth VRAM)
  • S3 86c924 (AMI)
  • Schetmash Iskra EGA (Cyrillic ROM)
  • Sigma Color 400
  • Trident TVGA8900B
  • Trident TVGA8900D
  • Trident TVGA9000B
  • TriGem Korean VGA (Tseng Labs ET4000AX Korean)
  • TriGem Korean VGA (TriGem 286M)
  • Tseng Labs ET2000
  • Tseng Labs ET4000/w32
  • VGA
  • Video 7 VGA 1024i (Headland HT208)
  • Wyse 700
ISA and MCA buses
  • Tseng Labs ET4000AX
ISA and VLB buses
  • Cirrus Logic CL-GD 5426
  • Cirrus Logic CL-GD 5428
  • Cirrus Logic CL-GD 5429
  • Tseng Labs ET4000/w32i Rev. B
ISA, PCI and VLB buses
  • ATI Mach64 GX
  • Cirrus Logic CL-GD 5434
MCA bus
  • Cirrus Logic CL-GD 5428 (IBM 1MB SVGA Adapter/A)
  • Radius SVGA Multiview (Headland HT209)
VLB bus
  • Cirrus Logic CL-GD 5424
  • Cirrus Logic CL-GD 5428 (Diamond SpeedStar Pro Rev. B1)
  • Cirrus Logic CL-GD 5430 (Diamond SpeedStar Pro SE Rev. A8)
  • Headland HT216-32
  • S3 86c805 (MiroCRYSTAL 8S)
  • S3 86c805 (MiroCRYSTAL 10SD)
  • S3 86c805 (Phoenix)
  • S3 86c805 (SPEA Mirage VL)
  • S3 86c928 (Metheus Premier 928)
  • S3 Trio64 (SPEA Mirage P64)
  • S3 Vision864 (MiroCRYSTAL 20SD)
  • Trident TGUI9400CXi
PCI bus
  • ATI Mach64 VT2
  • 3dfx Voodoo Banshee
  • Cirrus Logic CL-GD 5430
  • Cirrus Logic CL-GD 5436
  • Cirrus Logic CL-GD 5440
  • Cirrus Logic CL-GD 5446
  • Cirrus Logic CL-GD 5446 (STB Nitro 64V)
  • Cirrus Logic CL-GD 5480
  • Creative Labs 3D Blaster Banshee
  • Matrox Mystique
  • Matrox Mystique 220
  • S3 Trio64V+
  • S3 Trio64V2/DX
  • S3 ViRGE (325)
  • S3 ViRGE (Diamond Stealth 3D 2000)
  • S3 ViRGE/DX (375)
  • S3 ViRGE/DX (Diamond Stealth 3D 2000 Pro)
  • S3 ViRGE/GX (385)
  • S3 ViRGE/VX (Diamond Stealth 3D 3000)
  • S3 Vision868 (Number 9 9FX 531)
  • S3 Vision868 (Number 9 9FX 771)
  • S3 Vision964 (ELSA Winner 2000 Pro/X)
  • S3 Vision968 (ELSA Winner 2000 Pro/X)
  • S3 Vision968 (MiroVIDEO 40SV Ergo)
  • S3 Vision968 (SPEA Mercury P64V)
  • Trident TGUI9440AGi
  • Trident TGUI9660XGi
  • Trident TGUI9680XGi
PCI and VLB buses
  • S3 Vision864 (Paradise Bahamas 64)
  • S3 Vision864 (Phoenix)
  • S3 Vision868 (Phoenix)
  • S3 Vision964 (Diamond Stealth64 VRAM)
  • S3 Vision964 (MiroCRYSTAL 20SV)
  • S3 Vision968 (Phoneix)
  • S3 Trio32 (Diamond Stealth SE)
  • S3 Trio32 (Phoenix)
  • S3 Trio64 (Diamond Stealth64 DRAM)
  • S3 Trio64 (Number 9 9FX 330)
  • S3 Trio64 (Phoenix)
  • S3 Trio64V+ (Phoenix)
  • Trident TGUI 9440AGi
  • Trident TGUI 9660XGi
  • Trident TGUI 9680XGi
  • Tseng Labs ET4000/w32p Rev. C (Cardex)
  • Tseng Labs ET4000/w32p Rev. D
  • Tseng Labs ET4000/w32p Rev. D (Cardex)
  • Tseng Labs ET4000/w32p Rev. D (Diamond Stealth32)
PCI and AGP buses
  • 3dfx Velocity 100
  • 3dfx Voodoo 3 2000
  • 3dfx Voodoo 3 3000
  • S3 Trio3D/2X (362)
  • S3 ViRGE/GX2 (357)
  • S3 ViRGE/GX2 (Diamond Stealth 3D 4000)
3D accelerator cards (with SLI support)
  • 3dfx Voodoo Graphics
  • 3dfx Voodoo 2
  • Obsidian SB50 + Amethyst (2 TMUs)
Internal graphics controllers
  • 3dfx Voodoo 3 2000 (with on-board 8MB SGRAM)
    • MSI MS-6168
  • ATI Korean VGA
    • Samsung SPC-4620P
    • Samsung SPC-6033P
  • CGA (Custom / Monochrome)
    • Compaq Portable II
    • Compaq Portable III
    • Amstrad PPC512
    • Amstrad PPC640
    • Toshiba T1000
    • Toshiba T1200
    • Toshiba T3100e
    • Victor V86P
  • CGA (Custom / Colour)
    • Amstrad PC1512
    • Amstrad PC200
    • IBM PCjr
  • CGA / Plantronics Colorplus
    • Olivetti M19
  • Cirrus Logic CL-GD 5402
    • Commodore SL386SX-25
  • Cirrus Logic CL-GD 5428
    • Acer A1G
    • HP Vectra 486VL
    • Siemens Nixdorf D824
  • Cirrus Logic CL-GD 5434-4
    • Packard Bell PB520R
  • Cirrus Logic CL-GD 5440
    • Packard Bell PB640
  • EGA (Custom)
    • Amstrad PC1640
  • Headland HT216-32
    • Packard Bell PB410A
  • Oak OTI-067
    • AMA-932J
    • Olivetti M300-08
    • Olivetti M300-15
  • Olivetti GO317 / 318 / 380 / 709
    • Olivetti M21
    • Olivetti M24
    • Olivetti M24SP
    • Olivetti M28
  • Paradise PVGA1A
    • Amstrad PC2086
    • Amstrad PC3086
    • NCR 3302
  • Paradise WD90C11
    • Amstrad MegaPC
  • S3 Trio64 (Phoenix)
    • HP Vectra VL 5 Series 4
    • Intel Advanced/EV
  • S3 Trio64V2/DX
    • Compaq Presario 2240
    • Compaq Presario 4500
  • S3 Trio64V+ (Phoenix)
    • Intel Advanced/ATX
  • Tseng Labs ET4000/W32
    • IBM PS/ValuePoint 433DX/Si
  • Tandy Video
    • Tandy 1000
    • Tandy 1000 HX
  • Tandy Video II
    • Tandy 1000 SL/2
  • Trident TVGA 8900D
    • Flytech 386
  • Trident TGUI 9440AGi
    • AAEON SBC-490
  • VGA
    • IBM PS/1 Model 2011
    • IBM PS/1 Model 2121
    • IBM PS/2 Model 30-286
    • IBM PS/2 Model 50
    • IBM PS/2 Model 70 (Type 3)
    • IBM PS/2 Model 80 (Type 2)
    • IBM PS/2 Model 80 (Type 3)
    • IBM PS/2 Model 55SX

Audio

ISA bus
  • Adlib Gold
  • Aztech Sound Galaxy Pro 16 AB (Washington)
  • Aztech Sound Galaxy Nova 16 Extra (Clinton)
  • Crystal CS4236B
  • Crystal CS4237B
  • Crystal CS4238B
  • Game Blaster / Creative Music System
  • Gravis UltraSound
  • Gravis UltraSound Max
  • Innovation SSI-2001 (with game port support)
  • Pro Audio Spectrum 16
  • Sound Blaster 1.x / 2.0
  • Sound Blaster 2.0
  • Sound Blaster Pro v1 / v2
  • Sound Blaster 16
  • Sound Blaster 16 PnP
  • Sound Blaster 32 PnP
  • Sound Blaster AWE32 (not fully emulated)
  • Sound Blaster AWE32 PnP (not fully emulated)
  • Sound Blaster AWE64 Gold (not fully emulated)
  • Windows Sound System
ISA and MCA buses
  • Adlib
MCA bus
  • NCR Business Audio
  • Sound Blaster MCV
  • Sound Blaster Pro MCV
PCI bus
  • Ensoniq AudioPCI (ES1371)
  • Sound Blaster PCI 128
AMR slot
  • Analog Devices AD1881
    • Acorp 6VIA90AP
    • FIC VA-503A
  • Crystal CS4297A
    • Acorp 6VIA90AP
    • FIC VA-503A
Internal sound chips
  • VIA AC97
    • Acorp 6VIA90AP
    • FIC VA-503A
  • Ensoniq AudioPCI (ES1371)
    • BCM GT694VA
    • MSI MS-6168
    • Tyan Tsunami ATX
    • Tyan Trinity 371
  • Texas Instruments SN76489 PSG
    • IBM PCjr
    • Tandy 1000
    • Tandy 1000 HX
  • Tandy PSSJ
    • Tandy 1000SL/2
External audio devices
  • Covox Speech Thing
  • Disney Sound Source
  • IBM PS/1 audio card
    • IBM PS/1 Model 2011
    • IBM PS/1 Model 2121
  • Stereo LPT DAC
MIDI synthesizer modules / interfaces
  • FluidSynth
  • Roland MT-32
  • Roland CM-32L
  • Roland MPU-401
    • Roland MPU-IMC
    • Roland MPU-IPC-T
  • System MIDI (through MIDI out device from host machine)

Hard drive

ISA bus (MFM/RLL encoding)
  • DTC 5150X (MFM)
  • IBM PC (MFM)
  • IBM PC/AT (MFM)
  • ST-11M (MFM)
  • ST-11R (RLL)
  • Western Digital WD1002A-27X (MFM)
  • Western Digital WD1002A-WX1 (MFM)
  • Western Digital WD1003 AT (MFM / RLL)
ISA bus (ESDI interface)
  • IBM PC/AT
  • Western Digital WD1007V-SE1
ISA bus (IDE-XTA interface)
  • EuroPC HD20
  • Western Digital WDXT-150
ISA bus (IDE interface)
  • Acculogic XT-IDE
  • PC/AT IDE (w/ single-channel or dual-channel)
  • PC/AT XTIDE
  • PC/XT XTIDE
  • PS/2 AT XTIDE (1.1.5)
MCA bus
  • Adaptec AHA-1640
  • BusLogic BT-640A
  • IBM PS/2

Floppy drive

  • DTK PII-151B floppy drive controller
  • DTK PII-158 floppy drive controller
  • Magitronic B215 XT-FDC controller

SCSI

ISA bus
  • Adaptec AHA-154xA
  • Adaptec AHA-154xB
  • Adaptec AHA-154xC
  • Adaptec AHA-154xCF
  • Adaptec AHA-154xCP
  • BusLogic BT-542B
  • BusLogic BT-542BH
  • BusLogic BT-545S
  • Longshine LCS-6821N
  • Rancho RT1000B
  • Sumo SCSI-AT
  • Trantor T128
  • Trantor T130B
  • Western Digital WD1007V-SE1 (ESDI interface)
MCA bus
  • Adaptec AHA-1640
  • BusLogic BT-640A
  • IBM PS/2 SCSI Adapter (Spock)
  • NCR 53C90
PCI bus
  • BusLogic BT-958D
  • NCR 53C810
  • NCR 53C815
  • NCR 53C820
  • NCR 53C825A
  • NCR 53C860
  • NCR 53C875
  • Tekram DC-390
VLB bus
  • BusLogic BT-445S

Network

ISA bus
  • 3Com EtherLink II
  • AMD PCNet-ISA
  • AMD PCnet-ISA+
  • Novell NE1000
  • Novell NE2000
  • Racal Interlan EtherBlaster
  • Realtek RTL8019AS
  • Western Digital WD8003E
  • Western Digital WD8003EB
  • Western Digital WD8003EBT
MCA bus
  • NetWorth EtherNext/MC
  • Western Digital WD8003E/A
  • Western Digital WD8003ET/A
VLB bus
  • AMD PCnet-VL
PCI bus
  • AMD PCNet-FAST III
  • AMD PCNet-PCI II
  • Realtek RTL8029AS
Parallel Line Internet Protocol (PLIP) Network

Printers

  • Generic Text printer
  • Generic Epson ESC/P compatible printer
    • Generic ESC/P 24-pin dot-matrix driver
    • Epson SQ series (SQ-2550 recommended for grayscale)
    • Epson LQ series (LQ-2550 recommended for color)
  • Generic PostScript compatible printer
    • Generic PostScript driver (recommended)
    • Apple LaserWriter II series (IIg recommended for grayscale)
    • Apple LaserWriter Pro 630 (color)
    • Apple LaserWriter 16/600 PS (color)
    • Apple Color LW 12/660 PS (recommended for color)
    • Epson EPL-7500 and later (grayscale)
    • QMS PS-800 and later (grayscale)
    • QMS ColorScript 100 and later (color)

Joysticks

  • Standard joysticks
  • CH Flightstick Pro
  • Microsoft SideWinder Pad
  • Thrustmaster Flight Control System

Other devices

  • DTK PII-147 Hexa I/O Plus
  • Everex EV-159 RAM 3000 Deluxe
  • Everex EV-170 Magic I/O
  • IBM PC/XT memory expansion boards
  • IBM PC/AT memory expansion boards
  • Iomega ZIP
  • Micro Mainframe EMS-5150(T)
  • Paradise Systems 5-PAK
  • PLIP (Parallel Line Internet Protocol) Network
  • Protection dongle for Savage Quest

External links