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Revision as of 14:18, 15 April 2022 by ObiKKa (talk | contribs) (Notes)
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A field-programmable gate array (FPGA) is a type of microchip that can reconfigure itself after it has been manufactured, hence "field-programmable". The technology has found use in emulation as it can reimplement the hardware without having to resort to any kind of binary translation to a computer platform's native code. Instead of adhering to an instruction set or a programming language, FPGA chips are instead programmed using a hardware descriptor language (HDL) that describes the components and logic needed to run the software. This programming isn't permanent; corrections and other changes can be made afterwards so that it isn't limited to one application like an ASIC.

Despite what one may think, FPGAs are not a new technology; they've been around for as long as Macintoshes have been, with manufacturer Altera being the first to introduce an FPGA to the market in 1984. While they already had use in aftermarket cartridges (like setting up mappers for ROMs like the SD2SNES does), using them in place of entire consoles was considered esoteric until commercial devices using FPGAs were released in the mid to late 2010s.

List of aftermarket reimplementations

Product Manufacturer Reimplements MSRP Notes
AVS retroUSB Nintendo Entertainment System $185
MegaSG Analogue Sega Genesis $189
Nt Mini Analogue Nintendo Entertainment System $449/$499
Pocket Analogue Multi-system $199
Super Nt Analogue Super Nintendo Entertainment System $189
MiSTer MiSTer-devel
(Base hardware: Terasic DE10-Nano)
8-bit & 16-bit consoles, computers & some arcade games, etc (See Git llnk) $220 min
(Separate items)
Fully packaged forms can be found for much cheaper via sellers. Start guide.


There are a number of alternative DIY FPGA units with a bit less power than the MiSTer FPGA. These are really only good for running cores of 8-bit and 16-bit systems. They are:

- neptUNO
- Multi-Core
- Multi-Core 2+

See also

  • Emulation Boxes - Devices that make use of microprocessors and software emulators instead of programmable chips.